Ken Nakagaki, Sean Follmer, and Hiroshi Ishii

LineFORM is a novel Shape Changing Interface which has the form of a “Line”. Lines have several interesting characteristics from the perspective of interaction design: abstractness of data representation; a variety of inherent interactions / affordances; and constraints as boundaries or borderlines. By utilising such aspects of lines together with the added capability of shape-shifting, we present various applications in different scenarios such as shape changing cords, mobiles, body constraints, and data manipulation to investigate the design space of line-based shape changing interfaces. This work takes the initial step of exploration for the actuated curve interfaces, envisioning the future where transforming lines to be woven into our everyday life.


ACM UIST2015 (2015.11).


Innovation by Design Awards 2016, Honorable Mention Award in Students Category(2016)
Golden A’ Design Award in Interaction Design Category (2016)


Ars Electronica – Radical Atoms Exhibition (2016.9.8-).

Video Prototype created before making the working prototype.